Known as the doorway to the secrets of 7 sisters, Assam is the most beautiful north-eastern Indian state. The customs, traditions, attire, handmade jewellery, rituals and rites together foster a certain social pattern, embraced by the people of Assam. From wild habitats and ancient temples to nature-inspired culture and traditional, Assam has it all.
Assam is the home to a variety of racial stocks such as Monogrid, Indo-Burmese, Indo-Iranian, and Aryan. Assamese people are known as “Asomiya”, which is also the local language of Assam. With the largest number of tribes, Assam shows a great diversity in its culture, tradition, dresses, jewellery and way of life.
The traditional jewellery of Assam is handmade, crafted by the skilled artisans and workers. Assamese jewellery typically contains the designs of flora and fauna and musical instruments.
Here’s everything you need to know about the traditional jewellery of Assam.
An ancient piece of Assamese jewellery, Dug-dugi is an ornament for a woman’s neck. With its name still being a mystery, Dug-dugi is a heart-shaped pendant.
It has a round shape, one side wide, one side narrow and hollow style called “Keru” in the middle. Popular among the locals, previously this design was only used in ear pieces but it is now used in pendants as well.
These are the earrings adorned by especially aged village women of Assam. The traditional Thuriya has a very unique shape where the front side looks like a flower and the middle is thin so that it can stay in ears and the bottom part is wider than the middle portion.
This is a chunky bracelet/bangle made of silver or gold, adorned by Assamese women. Gam-Kharu is one of the most beautiful jewels of Assam and can be opened with a golden knot attached to it and therefore, it fits any standard sized hands of a woman.
Paro means pigeons. In Loka Paro, the pendant is embellished with identical pigeons, positioned one after the other, attached to a string containing gold beads. Loka Paro is also made with ruby, mina, or flush natural enamel coating.
In Assamese, Jon means the Moon and Biri is the surrounding designs of Jonbiri. This is an eye-catching handmade accessory adorned by the beautiful women of Assam. It is inspired by musical instruments, nature and household goods of Assam.
Inspired by Dhol (musical instrument), Dholbiri is usually prepared in a traditional dhol shape. Biri means the surrounding design. It is regarded as one of the most popular decorative ornaments for Assamese women.
Gal means neck and pata is the flat-sized design of Gal-pata. Adorned by the beautiful women of Assam, Gal-pata is a traditional choker necklace made of Gold. It is embellished with intricate floral designs.
These were the beautiful handmade Assamese traditional jewellery.
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