The sanctity of Hooghly river, serene beauty of Eastern Himalayas, the beauty of Sunderbans, and lush green tea gardens, the culture of West Bengal is the perfect blend of modernity, beauty, and tradition.
West Bengal has been exposed to a variety of cultural authority, starting from the Hindu Rajas to the Muslim influence along with the foreign colonisations. This is reflected in the art, culture, dresses, jewellery, food, music, dance, architecture, attire, religion and festivals of West Bengal, known as the richest cultural state of India.
The traditional jewellery of West Bengal is usually made of Gold and precious stones. It has a unique traditional style and has maintained the cultural ethnicity of India.
Here’s everything you need to know about the traditional jewellery of West Bengal.
Patti Haar is a heavy studded necklace. The women of West Bengal wear pati haar in the Durga Puja, weddings, and family events. Made of Gold, Patti Haar is crafted with intricate designing and immaculate precision. Though it has heavy intricate designs, it is comfortable to wear (due to its flattened shape).
Jhumko or jhumka are crafted with the beautiful intricate floral motifs. Jhumko is hugely popular among the Bengali women. They are also known as the chandelier earrings in English
With new fashion trends, many new designs have been incorporated in the jhumko or jhumkas, making it more stylish and suitable for the latest fashion trends.
These are traditional gold nose rings, mostly adorned by the brides during a Bengali marriage ceremony. The size of the ring is directly proportional to the financial status of the family.
Tikli is a traditional head jewellery. Made of Gold, it is mostly adorned by the brides. It is also adorned by the Bengali women on the auspicious occasions and family functions. The designs are intricately crafted with precision. An expensive tikli includes studded stones (both precious and semi-precious).
Tairaa is the head gear and is used to hold the veils of a Bengali bride at the wedding ceremony. Made of Gold, it is similar to the tiaras worn in the Western culture by the brides. It is believed to be inspired by the British fashion of yesteryears when they were the rulers of the country. It is sometimes combined with a mangtika to offer an elegant and graceful look to the bride.
Choker, as the name suggests, is a closely-fitting neckwear, worn on the higher part of the neck. Nowadays, Gold chokers are mostly diamond or pearls studded.
Kaan basically means ears. Shaped as the human ear, Kaan is an ear jewellery. It covers the entire ear. Bengali women adorn this beautiful Gold ornament during the marriage ceremonies and family functions. A huge amount of this precious metal is used for making this beautiful ear ornament, starting from 15 gm minimum for each ear.
Kaan Bala is the round big earring and is favored by most Bengali women. Kaan Bala is inspired from the bangle’s shape (Bangles are called bala in Bengali).
Crafted with elegant intricate work, Chur is the traditional gold bracelet in Bengal. Good amount of Gold is used to make a single bangle, sometimes up to 50 gm.
Ratanchur is the hand jewellery. It has five finger rings that are attached through individual chains to reach the wrist or arm. Ratanchur is usually adorned by a Bengali bride.
Which type of Bengali jewellery did you like the most? Drop comments and let us know your favorite pick.
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Read about the Traditional Attire of West Bengal.