From snow carpeted mountains, skiing, beautiful lush orchards to rippling lakes and an extravagantly beautiful culture, Jammu and Kashmir has it all.
With grandeur beauty, enchanting serenity and a rich traditional culture, Jammu and Kashmir has the cultural heritage of exquisite artisanship among the people, making the handicrafts, especially its traditional jewellery famous worldwide.
Here’s everything that you need to know about the traditional jewellery of Jammu and Kashmir.
Known as the jewellery crown of India, Jammu and Kashmir has its own unique way of accessorizing with the jewellery. The ornaments in Jammu and Kashmir are designed with immaculate precision and require skilled craftsmanship.
Srinagar is the house of semi-precious gemstones like Emeralds, Sapphires, Agates and Amethyst. The precious stones are studded in the jewellery of Jammu and Kashmir, which increases the aesthetic appeal of the ornaments.
Gold and Silver Jewellery:
The ornaments in Jammu and Kashmir are usually made of Gold and Silver. The technique of making gold and silver jewellery is old and traditional; therefore the jewellery of Jammu and Kashmir has a unique style which is difficult to copy.
Jewellery of Jammu:
Kundalas: The rural people of Jammu and Kashmir adorn circular earrings called Kundalas.
Nupura: These are the anklets worn by the rural women in Jammu.
Chaunk Phool: The women of Rajouri district adorn a silver cap or crown known as chaunk phool. It is worn on the head under the veil.
Tika, Balu and Kada: The tika is adorned on the forehead. Balu is the nose ring and band/kada is a fine gold filigree wrist ornament/bangle, usually adorned by the women of Jammu.
Jewellery of Kashmir:
Jiggni and Tikka, worn on the forehead, are generally triangular, semi-circular and circular in shape. These are made of gold and silver and are fringed with hanging pearls and gold leaves.
Bala: Bala is studded with a turquoise stone attached to a fringe of hanging gold leaves and balls.
Alcahor: Alka-hor is a type of ear jewellery that rests over either ear and is connected by a chain running over the head.
Deji-hoor: Deji-hor is a type of earrings that hangs on a silk thread/gold chain and passes through holes in the ears pierced at the top end of the ear-lobes. It symbolises the marriage status of Kashmiri women and is mostly worn by Kashmiri Pandit women.
Atta Hor: Atta-Hor is another ear ornament and hangs over the ears of the Kashmiri Pandit married women on either side of the head, connected by a golden chain running over the head.
Kanadoor: Made of gold and silver, Kana-door is studded with red, green stones and pearls. It is usually worn by young girls.
Kana-vaji: Kana-vaji is studded with small pearls. Worn as a symbol of marriage, kana-vaji is adorned by women on a daily basis.
The necklaces in Kashmir are usually the triangular pendants made of silver and gold and are suspended on a black cord.
Halaqband is a traditional choker necklace studded with the mirror pieces, rubies, emeralds and precious gemstones. It has the interlocking sections joined together with the help of a thread
Gunus is a thick bangle made of gold and silver. It has a snake/lion head embossed at either end.
Jewellery of Ladakh
Sondus is a shoulder ornament, fixed on the left shoulder. It has a few gold or silver discs connected by a number of long silver strands. Sondus is not just a piece of jewellery, it is given by a mother to her daughter at the time of the marriage, therefore has sentimental value attached to it.
A Perak is a headdress worn by Ladakhi women. It is studded with large turquoise and other stones (between 20 and 200) set across a wide leather piece.
These were some of the beautiful and magnificent traditional jewellery styles of Jammu and Kashmir.
Which type of jewellery did you like the most? Drop comments and let us know about your favourite pick.
Read about the traditional attire of Jammu and Kashmir.
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