Clothing and jewellery of Uttrakhand depict the lifestyle and culture of the people living in the hilly regions of Dev Bhoomi. To counter the cold weather of Uttrakhand, most of the garments are made of wool.
The traditional attire of Uttrakhand is beautifully complemented with the apt jewellery.
Here’s everything you need to know about the traditional attire and jewellery of Uttrakhand.
The women of Garhwal community usually wear saree which is tied in a particular way. The pallu of the saree goes from the front and is knotted on the shoulder, with a waistband made of cloth. This attire makes it easier for them to carry food and does not interfere with their work in the fields as well.
Earlier, the sari was worn with a full sleeves blouse (also known as Angra) with the silver buttons. Full sleeved blouse used to protect the women from the cold. They also adorn a headscarf to carry the harvest.
People living in the upper ranges of Uttrakhand wear woollens while those living in the lower ranges wear cotton clothes.
Hansuli: It is the silver jewellery ornament, worn around the neck. It is usually adorned by married women only.
Galaband: It resembles the contemporary choker worn by the women of Garhwal community of Uttrakhand. It is designed on a maroon, red or a blue band with gold square pieces arranged on it.
Baluq: Baluq is a nose ornament, worn as a nasal septum by the women of Uttrakhand. The women from rich families wear gold baluq while the poor usually don a silver one.
Nath: In Uttrakhand, women wear long silver or gold rings called nath (nose ornament). These are usually worn by the married women.
Chareu: It is a silver necklace, made with the use of black beads.
Silver ornaments: Women also adorn silver jewellery like bracelets, silver anklets (payal/pajeb) and silver toe rings (bichuwe).
The attire of women in the Kumaon region of Uttarakhand resembles the attire of Rajasthani women. The women of Kumaon adorn a ghagra along with a shirt (blouse).
A symbol of family prosperity, fertility and happiness, Rangwali Pichora is the traditional attire of Uttrakhand women. It is a yellow colored garment which is dyed and made at home. It has a Swastik sign embroidered in its centre and there are 4 quadrants depicting the Conch shell, Swatiska, Om and Goddess. The Swastika is made with dots, leaves and flowers. This entire design is circled around with the shining borders which are made with the intricate designing. The Swastika symbolises devas and devis. At the centre of Swastika, there is Om which symbolises the spiritual life.
There is not much difference between the jewellery adorned by Kamaoni and Garhwali women. Kamaoni women wear hansuli, naths, black beaded necklace called chareu, baruq, silver bracelets, and silver toe rings.
A dominant tribe of Uttarakhand, Tharu people claim themselves to be the descendants of Pandavas of Mahabharat. Their style of clothing is different from Garhwali and Kamaoni women.
The women of Tharu tribe adorn very colourful attire. Tharu women adorn a ghagra, a woollen coat, and dhantu (scarf).
They also adorn Thalka or Lohiya, which is a long coat usually adorned during the festivals.
The women of Tharu tribe usually adorn the typical traditional Uttrakhand tribal jewellery which includes Hansuli, silver/gold toe rings, naths, bracelets, baruq. Even the men of Tharu tribe wear jewellery like earrings, kadas, necklaces along with a traditional cap called digwa, made of a woollen cloth.
What’s your favourite traditional attire of Uttrakhand?
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